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Plant Informational Database

Allspice

Pimenta dioica

a.k.a. Jamaica Pepper

Medium sized tree producing small purple berries that contain one or two large seeds that make the allspice of commerce. Leaves and bark also contain the allspice scent.

Seed Availability

Seeds are not available for the Allspice. Please visit our seed store to view current selections. Seeds were last available in May 2014.

Description

A small to medium sized tree to 40 feet. Allspice makes an excellent container plant for indoor or greenhouse culture. Frilly flowers are born in large clusters, followed by the small fruits, which ripen to a purple-black.

Hardiness

Mature trees will stand only short periods of light frost, to 26F.

Growing Environment

Grow in full sun. Water regularly. Plant in well-drained soil.

Propagation

Often by seeds.

Uses

The dried seeds are used as a flavoring in numerous foods. Oil extracted from seeds, leaves, and bark is used to scent cosmetics, foods, and many other things. The principle oil extracted from allspice is eugenol, the same oil extracted from cloves.

Native Range

Native from southern Mexico through Central America and the Caribbean. Allspice is grown commercially in Central America.

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