search plant database and seed store
Plant Informational Database


Physalis ixocarpa

a.k.a. Husk Tomato

1-3" fruit resembling a tomato, often found with a green color. Green fruits actually ripen to yellow. There is also a purple ripening variety. Fruits have a marginally tomato-like flavor, but it is unique in its own right.

Seed Availability

Seeds are now available at our seed store.


A small annual with a spreading growth habit. Plants may grow to 2-4ft, but if left unstaked, will spread out radially for a few feet.


In colder climates, flowering and fruiting will continue until temperatures cool or frosts begin. Sunset Zones: All zones USDA: All zones

Growing Environment

Optimal growing conditions are similar to that of the tomato, although the tomatillo may grow slightly better in warmer areas than the tomato. Keep plants watered throughout the growing season. Maturity ranges from 80-120 days.


By seeds, established plants can be used to root stem cuttings.

Germination Info

Tomatillo seeds are usually fairly easy to germinate, though germination time can be a bit longer than other vegetable seeds. 1) Prepare for planting. Tomatillo seeds should be sprouted in small containers, preferably 4" or smaller. In-ground germination is not recommended because conditions are not as easily controlled. Use a standard potting mix that is well drained. Make sure potting mix is damp prior to planting the seeds. With very small seeds such as Tomatillo, watering overly dry soil can cause the seeds to dislodge from their position and sink deep into cracks in the soil. Seeds that sink deeply into soil will not be able to reach the soil surface once germinated.

2) Plant seeds. Plant seeds 1/4" deep in the soil. Cover with soil and water carefully. Over watering can cause fungal growth which leads to seed rot. Excess water can also bury seeds deep in the soil where they will not be able break the surface. Water when the soil surface just begins to dry. Multiple seeds can be planted in a single starter container, but should be thinned once seedlings appear so only a single plant remains.

3) Germination. Soil should be kept consistently warm, from 70-85F. Cool soils, below about 60-65F, even just at night, will significantly delay or inhibit germination. Hot soils above 95F will also inhibit germination.

4) Care of seedlings. Once a few true leaves have developed, seedlings should be slowly moved outside (if sprouted indoors) to ambient light. Care should be taken not to expose seedlings to direct, scorching sun so plants may need to be hardened off via slow sun exposure. Hardening off can be done using a shaded or filtered light location, as well as protection from strong winds, rain or low humidity. Hardening off time varies, but can take 5-10 days.

5) Planting out. Plant in the ground once danger of frost has past and daytime temperatures consistently reach 65F.

Germination time: 2-6 weeks under ideal conditions.


Fruits can be eaten fresh but are usually used to make salsas or used as flavoring.

Native Range

Native to Mexico and Central America. The tomatillo has long been an important crop plant in this part of the world, dating back to the days of the Aztecs and Mayans.

Additional Pictures

banner banner

Related Species

Acnistus arborescens
Wild Tobacco
Brugmansia arborea
Angel's Trumpet
Brugmansia aurea
Golden Angel's Trumpet
Brugmansia candida
White Angel's Trumpet
Brugmansia sanguinea
Red Angel's Trumpet
Brugmansia suaveolens
Angel's Trumpet
Brugmansia versicolor
Orange Angel's Trumpet
Capsicum caballeroi
Capsicum caballeroi
Capsicum exile
Cobincho Pepper
Capsicum eximium
Capsicum eximium
Capsicum flexuosum
Capsicum flexuosum
Capsicum galapagoense
Galapagos Island Pepper
Capsicum praetermissum
Capsicum rhomboideum
Capsicum rhomboideum
Cyphomandra abutiloides
Dwarf Tamarillo
Cyphomandra betacea
Tree Tomato
Datura inoxia
Thorn Apple
Datura metel
Double Purple Datura
Iochroma australe (Acnistus australis)
Mini Angel's Trumpet
Iochroma cyaneum
Violet Churcu
Iochroma fuchsioides
Red Iochroma
Iochroma grandiflora
Giant Iochroma
Jaltomata procumbens
Lycopersicon melanocarpa
Lycopersicon melanocarpa
Lycopersicon skorospelka
Lycopersicon skorospelka
Nicotiana glauca
Tree Tobacco
Physalis alkekengi
Chinese Lantern
Physalis angulata
Physalis costomatl
Physalis ixocarpa
Physalis minima
Physalis peruviana
Cape Gooseberry
Physalis pruinosa
Ground Cherry
Solanum aviculare
Kangaroo Apple
Solanum burbankii
Solanum caripense
Solanum chessmanii
Galapagos Island Tomato
Solanum dulcamara
Solanum hispidum
Giant Devil's Fig
Solanum lycocarpum
Fruit for Wolves
Solanum macrocarpon
Solanum mammosum
Nipple Fruit
Solanum melanocerasum
Garden Huckleberry
Solanum muricatum
Solanum pseudolulo
Solanum quitoense
Solanum sessiliflorum
Solanum uporo
Cannibal's Tomato
Withania somnifera