Citrus aurantium ssp bergamia
Medium sized, yellow/orange skinned orange with a strong acid flavor, and aromatic rind.
Small to medium sized tree, usually only 20-30ft high.
Trees are somewhat sensitive to freezes and grow best in areas having only limited frosts and freezes.
Grows in conditions suitable for the average citrus, water frequently except during cold months. Fertilize 2-4 times per year. Can be container grown.
Commonly by seed which usually produce trees very near in fruit quality to their parent. Also by grafts.
Oil is extracted from the rind which is used in the fragrance industry. The juice can be squeezed and used somewhat like lemon juice.
The bergamot is a variety of sour orange (sour orange-native to Asia), but the exact origin is unknown. It has been grown in Southern Italy and parts of France for centuries, and is now commercially grown in these regions.