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Plant Informational Database

Winter Cress

Barbarea verna

a.k.a. American Cress, Scurvy Cress, Upland Cress

A small herbaceous biennial with edible leaves. The leaves are bitter to the taste when raw and are generally used in small amounts for their nutritious and herbal qualities.

Seed Availability

Seeds are now available at our seed store.


Short biennial growing to 1-2 feet. Has 12-24" flowers stalks containing numerous small, yellow flowers. Leaves are lobed, dark green in color and grow in a rosette formation.



Growing Environment

Easy to grow and water loving annual. Provide regular water. Grow in full or filtered sun. Winter Cress doesn't require quite as a much water as Water Cress, making it a bit easier to grow for most gardeners.


By seeds.


Leaves can be used much like Water Cress. Leaves are commonly used in salads, soups and are cooked like spinach though generally in small amounts. Some sources suggest eating cooked leaves are preferable. The flower buds have a few edible and medicinal uses as well. The leaves are said to be high in vitamin C.

Native Range

Native to southwestern portions of Europe. It is commercially cultivated on a small scale. It has naturalized throughout parts of North America from the central United States into Canada.

Related Species

Barbarea verna
Winter Cress
San Francisco Wallflower
Erysimum franciscanum
Streptanthus albidus peramoenus
Most Beautiful Jewelflower