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Plant Informational Database

New Zealand Flax

Phormium tenax

Agave relative known for its pretty flowers clusters and highly usefull fronds.

Seed Availability

Seeds are now available at our seed store.


Shrubby plant to 5-10ft. The long fronds spread from the base of the plant.


Hardy to the low teens (F).

Growing Environment

Grows in all soil types. Grow in part shade or full sun. Generally need year-round water for good growth, though small periods of drought can be tolerated.


By seed.


The plant has an amazing number of uses. The fronds can be used to make a highly durable and strong fiber. A dye can be obtained from the plant. The leaves can be crushed and an alcohol obtained from fermentation. The flower nectar is edible. Seeds can be roasted and used as a coffee substitute. A gum can be obtained from the leaves.

Native Range

Native to New Zealand.

Additional Pictures


Related Species

Phormium tenax
New Zealand Flax