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Plant Informational Database

Durian

Durio zibethinus

a.k.a. Civet Fruit

Having one of the most pungent odors of any fruit in the world, the durian is either scorned or adored. Many regale its nutty, caramel tasting flesh, calling the durian the king of all fruits. Others will not go near it, for the intense odor, often overwhelmingly noxious, destroys any chance at enjoying the flavor. Flavor is sometimes described as a unique blend of nuts, spices, banana, and onions mixed together. Fruit is very large, sometimes over one foot long, and is covered in sharp, hard spikes.

Seed Availability

Seeds are not available for the Durian. Please visit our seed store to view current selections.

Description

Large tree growing to 90-150ft.

Hardiness

Durian trees are extremely tropical and will be killed by temperatures in the mid 30's.

Growing Environment

Trees need lots of water and often grow naturally near stream and river banks where parts of their roots are constantly exposed to water. Grow in areas of high humidity.

Propagation

Propagation is sometimes by seed, which lose viability within a week upon removal from the fruit. Grafting is used to propagate superior varieties.

Uses

Usually eaten fresh out of hand. Also processed into ice creams, desserts, and candy.

Native Range

Native to peninsular Malaysia and Borneo. Currently cultivated throughout southeast Asia and northern Australia. Frozen and canned durian are now available in many parts of the world but the quality pales in comparison to the fresh form. Fresh fruits are can sometimes be found for sale at $5-6 (US) a pound, with fruits weighing from 5-10 pounds each.

Related Species

Bombaceae  
Chorisia speciosa
Floss Silk Tree
Durio dulcis
Lahong
Durio graveolens
Red Fleshed Durian
Durio isu
Isu
Durio oxleyanus
Kerantongan
Durio testudinarium
Kura Kura
Durio zibethinus
Durian
Pachira aquatica
Malabar Chesnut
Pachira insignis
Guiana Chestnut
Patinoa almirajo
Almirajo
Quararibea cordata
South American Sapote
Quararibea funebris
Rosita de Cacao