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Plant Informational Database


Piper nigrum

a.k.a. Black Pepper, White Pepper

A green leafy vine growing as a ground cover or small climber. Dried fruits are the black and white pepper of commerce.

Seed Availability

Seeds are not available for the Pepper. Please visit our seed store to view current selections. Seeds were last available in November 2014.


A branching, woody vine that is a climber. Pepper can be trained across trellises or can climb other plants, walls, etc.


Hardy to 32F although growth will retard and damage may occur below 40F.

Growing Environment

It prefers a warm humid atmosphere with 50-100" of rain per year and a mean temperature from 75-80F. Blooming usually occurs in late summer or after periods of heavy rainfall. Fruits ripen 3-4 months later.


By seeds, divisions.


Dried, unripe fruits form black pepper, used as a spice worldwide. Ripe, peeled, dried fruits form white pepper, also used as a spice.

Native Range

Native to the humid tropics of southwestern India. Pepper is now cultivated worldwide.

Additional Pictures

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Related Species

Piper auritum
Root Beer Plant
Piper betle
Betel Leaf
Piper nigrum